Orchitis is an inflammation of one or both testicles, while epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis, the tube located behind each testicle that stores and carries sperm. These conditions often occur together and are referred to as orchiepididymitis.
Orchiepididymitis and epididymitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, a sexually transmitted infection, or a viral infection such as mumps. Other possible causes include trauma or injury to the scrotum, a urinary tract infection, or certain medications.
Symptoms of orchiepididymitis and epididymitis may include:
- swelling, tenderness, or pain in the scrotum,
- redness or warmth in the affected area,
- pain or discomfort during urination,
- fever and chills,
- nausea and vomiting.
Treatment for orchiepididymitis and epididymitis depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat bacterial infections, and pain relievers may be used to manage discomfort. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged or infected tissue.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of orchiepididymitis and epididymitis, as these conditions can lead to complications such as infertility or abscess formation if left untreated.